Robert Rauschenberg view images
Robert Rauschenberg was born Milton Rauschenberg on October 22, 1925, in Port Arthur, Texas. Although he originally planned to study pharmacology at the University of Texas at Austin, Rauschenberg enrolled in the Kansas City Art Institute in 1947 after having served in the United States Navy. In 1948 he moved to Paris, France to study at the Académie Julian.
Later that year, he returned to the United States to study with Josef Albers at Black Mountain College, in North Carolina. Rauschenberg was given his first solo show at the Betty Parsons Gallery in New York. Between 1952 and 1953 Rauschenberg travelled extensively throughout Europe and North Africa with Cy Twombly. While travelling, Rauschenberg worked on a series of small collages, hanging assemblages, and boxes containing found objects, which were exhibited in Rome and Florence.
In 1953 and 54 Rauschenberg began to produce his famous "combines", paintings and free-standing pieces that combine painterly solutions, objects of everyday use and technological components – elements of sound, light sources – which underwent constant aesthetic changes and which were the result of the fusion of the series Elemental Sculptures (made of wood, string and stone), Elemental Paintings (paper, gold and garbage) and Red Paintings. The fusion of painting and sculpture challenged the traditional distinction of medium.
Rauschenberg began to silkscreen paintings in 1962. He was given his first career retrospective by the Jewish Museum in New York in 1963, and was awarded the Grand Prize for Painting at the 1964 Venice Biennale. Between 1976 and 1978 a retrospective organized by the National Collection of Fine Arts, Washington, D.C., traveled throughout the United States. Rauschenberg continued to travel widely, embarking on a number of collaborations with artisans and workshops abroad, which culminated in the Rauschenberg Overseas Culture Interchange (ROCI) project from 1985 to 1991. In 1997, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, exhibited the largest retrospective of Rauschenberg’s work to date, which traveled to Houston and to Europe in 1998.
On December 5th 2008 Robert Rauschenberg passed away in Captiva Island, Flordia where he had lived since 1970.